The synthetic compound Cypermethrin affects the Na+ ion channels on nerve cell membranes. PP2B (calcineurin) is potently inhibited (IC50-0.03 nM). In addition, it may have a variety of effects on ion channels. The toxicology of cypermethrin depends on its precise ratio of cis- to trans-species present in commercial mixtures. For example, a mixture that is 80:20 cis-trans species shows different toxicology than a mixture that is 40:60 cis-trans species. An isomer of Cypermethrin in pure form is a solid, whereas an isomer in a mixture is a semi-solid or liquid.
NAME :- CYPERMETHRIN
IUPAC NAME :- [Cyano-(3-phenoxyphenyl)methyl]3-(2,2-dichloroethenyl)-2,2-dimethylcyclopropane-1-carboxylate
CAS NO. :- 52315-07-8
FORMULA :- C22H19CI2NO3
SYNONYMS :- BarricadeR; CCN 52; CymbushR; ImperatorR; KafilR; NRDC 149; OMS 2002; PP 383; RipcordR; WL 43467
APPLICATION :- A potent inhibitor of calcineurin
DESCRIPTION :- Cypermethrin is a synthetic compound that affects the Na+ ion channels on nerve cell membranes. It is a potent PP2B (calcineurin) inhibitor (IC50-0.03 nM). It may also have varied effects on ion channels. Cypermethrin toxicology depends on the precise ratio of cis- and trans-species present in commercial mixtures - for example a mitxure of 80:20 cis-trans species shows different toxicology to a mixture of 40:60 cis-trans species. Pure isomers of Cypermethrin form a solid while a mixture of isomers of Cypermethrin form a semi-solid or liquid.